The do’s and don’ts in Education & ICT

For the course education and ICT I had to write this blog and during the course I formed an idea of what in my opinion would be on the do’s and don’ts of using forms of ICT in education. At the start of course we started with the Kozma and Clark debate where Kozma (1994) was proponent of using forms of ICT and Clark (1994) opposed, saying that the learning method and the medium in which it is given is more important. I agree that the learning method should be more about the method of instruction and that it should be more vision driven than ICT driven (kennisnet, 2013) as portrayed in the image below. I am not against use of ICT and I think in the future it will be cheaper and it will work out great. However, I believe/feel that you should think of how you want to teach and then look for a device.


Further on, during the course we learned about MOOC’s and CSCL. These are both interesting ways of teaching people. When it comes to  MOOC’s I think that this will be something that is not for all students because, you don’t really have a connection with your fellow students.  This (results in the drop-out rates rising in distant learing) is a main reason for drop-out rates in distant learning (DeRouin, Fritzsch & Salas, 2005). There are some pro’s for MOOC’s since it is the ideal teacher who can supply the students with online lectures and also, there is the option of self paced learning anyplace, anytime. Nevertheless studying is much more than that and we like to be part of a community of practice and do our studying in a more social way(Lave & Wenger, 1998). Computer supported collaborative learning a way of learning where you work and create interdependency. students are more motivated, feel less stress and get better results (Stahl, et al, 2006) therefore this is definitely something to consider.

The use of social media in our education has also been a topic of discussion;  A lot of my fellow students prefer Facebook over blackboard and I understand why,since the interface of blackboard is a lot less consumer friendly and the content is sometimes not as easy to find when using Facebook. Yet I don’t think this is a good thing, since when your studying and you want to retrieve content from Facebook you will easily get distracted and start avoiding your study work. Kirschner & karpinski (2010) additionally say the people who spend a lot of time on Facebook get lower grades. Hence it would be a better solution if blackboard would change the interface and make it easier to get around. Another thing concerning the use of Facebook for educational purposes is the fact that your more formal studying, life comparable to work life, is now becoming a part of your social and home life; two worlds that are better kept separated. Hall & Richter (1988) did research about balancing work and social life and concluded that these should be separated. Combining Facebook with Education could be quite similar to this so in my opinion Blackboard or some form of electronic learning environment should be improved be able to use the benefits of social media and keep our home life and study life separated. If for instance only blackboard is being used there, will be a lot more data for learning analytics which can be used beneficially for the needs of the students, (Duval, 2011) instead of your data being used by Facebook in some way, not knowing what is done with your data.


I would like to conclude in saying that ICT will be a thing that is here to stay in the world of education. As future educational scientist I think we have the responsibility to make ICT work in such a way that learning is done in the most effective way and in an ethical way.


DeBoer, J., et al. (2014). Changing “Course” reconceptualizing variables MOOC

DeRouin, R. E., Fritzsch, B. A., & Salas, E. (2005). E-Learning in Organizations.

Duval, E. (2011). Attention Please! Learning Analytics for Visualization and Recommendation.

Hall, D. T., & Richter, J. (1988). Balancing work life and home life: what can organizations do to help?. The Academy of Management Executive2(3), 213-223.

Kennisnet (2013). Ict in het onderwijs 2013 De belangrijkste informatie uit de Vier in balans monitor

Kirschner, P. A., & Karpinski, A. C. (2010). Facebook® and academic performance. Computers in human behavior26(6), 1237-1245.

Lave, J., & Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of practice. Retrieved November 6, 2014.

Stahl, G., et al. (2006). Computer-supported collaborative learning – An historical perspective


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